Pinus mugo (common name Mugo pine or dwarf mountain pine) is native to the mountain in Europe. I used to hate this pine (more than 20 years ago) because it was so indiscriminately used everywhere. My old house has one running around like weed. However, there are mugos that are ornamental, especially those that are dwarf and compact or have nice winter colour. Their hardiness, dark green foliage and neat compact forms can be very useful in garden composition.
Pinus mugo ‘Aurea’
When I entered the enchanting world of conifer more than 20 years ago, I imported one Pinus mugo ‘Aurea’ as a first year graft. It was high grafted. The yellow colour was most prominent in the fall. Unfortunately, it had to be transplanted after more than 20 years because of some renovation, and it did not survive the transplant. I have acquired a couple of replacements since. The new plants do not look as ornamental as the original one.
Pinus mugo ‘Donna’s Mini’
This is a cute miniature that is ideal for rockery garden.
Pinus mugo ‘Ophir’
This is supposed to have good winter colour, but I have not seen it yet in the few years I have it. It was relocated to a full sun spot in 2013.
Pinus mugo ‘Wintersonne’
This one is also supposed to have gold winter colour. So far, it did not. It may have to be moved to more sun as well.